Conocimiento científico orientando la planificación estratégica

Fundamentos Filosóficos de la Nueva Concepción de la Planificación Estratégica en el Dominio Público




En cada época, la ciencia se moldea a partir de sus desafíos principales y evoluciona junto con ellos. Mientras que antes se entendía que la ciencia progresaba en un avance continuo en la certeza del conocimiento y el 'control' de los científicos sobre el mundo natural, ahora la ciencia se ve desde una perspectiva mucho más amplia. Asuntos relacionados con el medio ambiente y el uso de los recursos naturales, por ejemplo, tienden a ser globales, no solo locales, en su alcance sino también en su complejidad, incertidumbre y riesgos. Además, muchas de las posibles soluciones para enfrentar los problemas sociales actuales requieren una acción conjunta a nivel regional, urbano y local por parte de individuos, comunidades y organizaciones. La actividad de la ciencia está caracterizada cada vez más por la participación y la aceptación de diversos puntos de vista. De hecho, los procesos políticos reconocen en forma creciente nuestras obligaciones hacia las generaciones futuras, hacia otros seres vivos y, realmente, hacia todo el Planeta Tierra, y así, la ciencia también amplía el alcance de sus preocupaciones (Midgley, 2000; Capra y Luisi, 2014/2019).


Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.


Ackoff, R. (with the collaboration of Gupta, S, and Minas, J.) (1962) Scientific Method: Optimizing Applied Research Decisions. John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Ackoff, R. (1974) Redesigning the Future – A Systems Approach to Societal Problems. Wiley Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Albrechts, L. (2004) “Strategic (spatial) planning re-examined”. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 31: 743-758.

Albrechts, L. (2015) “Ingredients for a more radical spatial planning”. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 42: 510-525.

Albrechts, L. et al. (editors) (2016) Situated Practices of Strategic Planning: An international perspective. Taylor & Francis.

Attenborough, D. (2020) A Life on Our Planet – My Witness Statement and a Vision for the Future. Witness Books, Penguin Random House, London.

Atkins, P. (2003) Galileo’s Finger – The Ten Great Ideas of Science. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Australian Government – Australian Public Service Commission (2007) Tackling Wicked Problems – A Public Policy Perspective. Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra.

Bateson, G. (1972) Steps to an Ecology of Mind. Northvale, New Jersey.

Beck, U. (1998) Democracy without Enemies. Polity Press, Cambridge.

Beck, U. (1992) Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity. Sage, London.

Bertalanffy, L., von (1968) General Systems Theory. George Braziller, New York.

Carayannis, E.G. and Campbel, D.F.J. (2010) “Triple Helix, Quadruple Helix and Quintuple Helix and how do knowledge, innovation and the environment relate to each other? A proposed framework for a trans-disciplinary analysis of sustainable development and social ecology”. International Journal of Social Ecology and Sustainable Development 1(1):41–69.

Capra, F. (1996) The Web of Life: A New Synthesis of Mind and Matter. Harper Collins, London.

Capra, F. and Luisi, P.L. (2014/2019) The Systems View of Life: A Unifying Vision. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, Paperback edition first published in 2016 with corrections. 9th printing in 2019.

Carnap, R. (1966) Philosophical Foundations of Physics: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science. Basic Books, New York.

Chadwick, G. (1971) A Systems View of Planning. Pergamon Press, Oxford.

Chapin III, S.; Kofinas, G. and Folke, C. (editors.) (2009) Principles of Ecosystem Management – Resilience-Based Natural Resource Management in a Changing World. Springer, New York.

Checkland, P. (1981/2006) Systems Thinking, Systems Practice. John Wiley & Sons, New York. Reprinted in March 2006 with a 30-year retrospective by P. Checkland.

Checkland, P. and Poulter, J. (2006) Learning for Action. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester.

Daly, H.E. (1991) Steady-State Economics. Second edition with New Essays. Island Press, New York.

Descartes, R. (1644) Principles of Philosophy. In: Philosophical Writings. 1954 edition. Open University Press, Middlesex.

Diamond, J. (2005) Collapse – How Societies Choose to Fail or Survive. Allen Lane an imprint of Penguin Books, Melbourne.

Einstein, A. (1934) The World as I see It. Covici Friede, New York.

Einstein, A. (1938) The Evolution of Physics. Simon and Schuster, New York.

Emery, F.E. and Trist, E.L. (1965/1972) “The Casual Texture of Organizational Environments”. Human Relations 18: 21-32. Reprinted in: Systems Thinking (edited by) F.E. Emery, Penguin Books, Harmondsworth, pp. 241-257,

Erdelen, W.R. and Richardson, J.G. (2018) Managing Complexity: Earth Systems and Strategies for the Future. Routledge.

Etzioni, A. (1968) The Active Society: A Theory of Societal and Political Processes. Free Press, New York.

Etzkowitz, H. and Leydesdorff, R. (1995) “The Triple Helix, University-Industry-Government Relations: A Laboratory for Knowledge-Based Economic Development”. EASST Review 14: 14-19.

European Union – Committee of the Regions (2016) Using the Quadruple Helix Approach to Accelerate the Transfer of Research and Innovation Results to Regional Growth. Report written by Cavallini, S.; Rosella, S., Friedl, J. and Volpe, M. The report does not constitute the official view of the Committee of Regions. European Union

Faludi, A. (1973a) Planning Theory. Pergamon Press, Oxford.

Faludi, A. (editor) (1973b) A Reader in Planning Theory. Pergamon Press, Oxford.

Feyerabend, K. (1975) Against Method: Outline of an Anarchist Theory of Knowledge. Verso Books, London.

FIinquelievich, S. (2016) The quadruple helix model as a basis for Knowledge Societies. In: Knowledge Society Policy Handbook. United Nations University Operating Unit on Policy-Driven Electronic Governance (UNI-EGOV), Guimaraes.

Forester, J. (1999) The Deliberative Practitioner. The MIT Press, Cambridge.

Friedmann, J. (1973) Retracking America- A Theory of Transactive Planning. Doubleday/Anchor Press, New York.

Friedmann, J. (2011) Insurgencies: Essays in Planning Theory. Routledge, New York.

Gibbons, M.; Limoges, C.; Nowotny, H. et al. (1994) The new production of knowledge – The dynamics of science and research in contemporary societies. Sage Publications, London.

Godfrey-Smith, P. (2003) Theory and Reality – An introduction to the philosophy of science. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Healey, P. (2006) Collaborative Planning: Shaping Places in Fragmented Societies. Macmillan, London.

Healey, P. (2009) “In Search of the ‘Strategic’ in Spatial Strategy Making”. Planning Theory & Practice 10(4): 439-457.

Healey, P. (2015) “Civil society and local development”. Planning Theory & Practice 16(1): 11-27.

Healey, P., De Magalhaes, C., Madenipour, A. and Pendlebury, J. (2003) Place, identity, and local politics: Analysing initiatives in deliberate governance. In: Deliberative Policy Analysis – Understanding Governance in the Network Society (edited by Hajer, M. and Wagenaar, H. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 60-87.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change - IPCC (2021) Climate Change 2021: The Scientific Basis. Report of Working Group I to the Sixth Assessment Report (AR6) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change – IPCC. [Online:]

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change – IPCC (2022a) Climate Change 2022: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Sixth Assessment Report (AR6) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. [Online:]

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change – IPCC (2022b) Climate Change 2022: Mitigation and Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group III to the Sixth Assessment Report (AR6) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. [Online:]

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change – IPCC (2023) Climate Change 2023: Synthesis Report. Sixth Assessment Report (AR6) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. [Online:]

Jackson, M.C. (2019) Critical Systems Thinking and the Management of Complexity. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford.

Kamensky, J.M. (2011) “Managing the Complicated vs the Complex”. The Business of Government Magazine, Fall/Winter 2011: 66-70.

Kuhn, T. (1962) The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. First edition. Foundations of the Unity of Science, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Kuhn, T. (1970) The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Second edition. Foundations of the Unity of Science, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Lakatos, I. (1978) Proof and Refutations: The Logic of Mathematical Discovery. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Lindblom, C. (1965) The Intelligence of Democracy, Free Press, New York.

Lindblom, C. (1959/1973b) “The science of “Muddling Through”, Public Administration Review, 19 (Spring 1959): 79-99. Reprinted in: A Reader in Planning Theory (edited by) Faludi, A. (1973b) pp 151–169.

Lovelock, J. (2007) Revenge of Gaia: Earth’s Climate Crisis and the Fate of Humanity. Westview Press, Boulder.

Lovelock. J. (1979) Gaia: A New Look at Life on Earth. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

McHarg, I.L. (1992) Design with Nature. 25th anniversary edition. John Wiley & Sons, New York. This classic was originally published in 1969 for the American Museum of Natural History by the Natural History Press, Garden City, New York.

Manheim, K. (1936) Ideology and Utopia. Harvest Books, New York.

Marina, J. (1993) Teoría de la Inteligencia Creadora (Theory of the Creative Intelligence). Anagrama, Barcelona.

McLoughlin, B. (1969) Urban and Regional Planning – A Systems Approach. Faber & Faber, London.

Meadows, D.H.; Meadows, D.L.; Randers, J. and Behrens III, W.W. (1972) The Limits to Growth. Universe Books. New York.

Meadows, D.H. (edited by Wright, D., Sustainability Institute) (2008) Thinking in Systems. Chelsea Green Publishing, Vermont.

Midgley, G. (2000) Systemic Intervention – Philosophy, Methodology, and Practice, Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York.

Midgley, G. and Richardson, K. (2007) Systems Thinking for Community Involvement in Policy Analysis.” Emergence, Complexity & Organization 9(1-2): 167-183.

Mingers, J. (2014/2016) Systems Thinking, Critical Realism and Philosophy – A confluence of ideas. Routledge, Abingdon. First published in 2014.

OECD - Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2017) Systems Approaches to Public Sector Challenges. Working with Change. OECD Publishing, Paris.

Oosterlynck, S. Van der Broeck, J., Albrechts, et al. (editors) Strategic Spatial Projects – Catalyst for Change. Royal Town Planning institute (RTPI), Routledge, London.

Perroux, F. (1964) L’Economie du XXe Siecle (The Economy of the 20th Century).Presses Universitaires du France. Paris.

Popper, K. (1959) The Logic of Scientific Discovery. Hutchinson, London (published in German in 1934).

Popper, K. (1965) Conjectures and Refutations: The Growth of Scientific Knowledge, Routledge & Kegan Paul, London.

Raworth, K. (2017) Doughnut Economics – Seven Ways to Think Like a 21st Economist. Penguin Random House, London.

RockstrÖm, J. and Klum, M. (2015) Big World Small Planet. Yale University Press, New Haven.

RockstrÖm, J.; Steffen, W.; Noone, K. et al. (2009) “Planetary Boundaries: Exploring the Safe Operating Space for Humanity”. Ecology and Society 14(2), Art. 32.

Schon, D.A. (1973) Beyond the Stable State. Penguin Books, Harmondsworth, England.

Schumpeter, J.A. (1934) The Theory of Economic Development: An Inquiry. Translation from the German original version (published in 1911) by R. Opie. with additions by Schumpeter. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge,

Sposito, V.A. (1993) Strategic Planning for Metropolis – A guide to strategic planning and management in the public sector. World Association of the Major Metropolises - Working Groups, Summaries. World Association of the Major Metropolises, Montreal-Melbourne.

Sposito, V.A. (2022a) Systems Thinking – Foundations, Perspectives, Methodologies, Methods and Practice. Deakin University, Faculty of Science, Engineering and Built Environment, Centre for Regional and Rural Futures, Melbourne.

Sposito, V.A. 2022b) Strategic Thinking, Strategic Planning and Decision Making. Deakin University, Faculty of Science, Engineering and Built Environment, Centre for Regional and Rural Futures, Melbourne.

Sposito, V.A. (2022c) A Holistic Framework for Sustainable Regional Development. Deakin University, Faculty of Science, Engineering and Built Environment, Centre for Regional and Rural Futures, Melbourne.

Sposito, Acquistapace, V. (2020) Parte 1 – Planificación y Systems Thinking; Parte II - Planificación Estratégica para el Desarrollo Sustentable de Sistemas Urbanos-Regionales. Course in Spanish at the Escuela Doctoral Latinoamericana de Estudios Urbanos. Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil, 11-13 November 2020.

Sposito, V.A. and Faggian, R. (2013) Systemic Regional Development – A Systems Thinking Approach. Informationen zur Raumentwicklung (Information for Development), Federal Government of Germany, Heft 1.2013: 1-12.

State of the Environment Advisory Council – SOEAC (1996) Australia – State of the Environment. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.

Steffen, W.; Richardson, K.; RockstrÖm, J. et al. (2015) “Planetary boundaries: Guiding human development on a changing planet”. Science 342(6223) (13 February 2015).

Thulmin, S. (1972) Human Understanding: The Collective use of Evolution Concepts.

United Nations (2016) Transforming Our world: The 2010 Agenda for Sustainable Development. United Nations [Online:].

UNDP - United Nations Development Program (2017) Institutional and Coordination Mechanisms. Guidance Note on Facilitating Integration and Coherence of SDG Implementation. UNDP, New York.

Vickers, G. (1965) The Art of Judgement: A study of policy making. Chapman & Hall, London.

Vickers, G. (1973) Making Institutions Work. Associated Business Programmes, Anchor Press, London.

Wiener, N. (1948) Cybernetics or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine. John Wiley & Sons, New York.

World Commission on the Environment and Development – WCED (“Brundtland Commission”) (1987) Our Common Future. Oxford University Press, Oxford.




Cómo citar

Sposito Acquistapace, V. (2023). Conocimiento científico orientando la planificación estratégica: Fundamentos Filosóficos de la Nueva Concepción de la Planificación Estratégica en el Dominio Público. Anales De Investigación En Arquitectura, 13(2).



Herramientas proyectuales y metodológicas